By 1848, the Kumeyaay had regained a tenuous control of all the land that was once theirs from Just beyond Mission Valley to the Colorado River, save for the coastal areas that remained well guarded.
Kumeyaay adapted to the loss of the coastline, staying off of main travel routes and keeping watch for troop movements with their system of lookouts.
The Kumeyaay added European fruit trees to their knowledge of agriculture.
Kumeyaay raids provided them with horses and livestock, as Rancho Jamul, Tecate and Rancho Bernardo were attacked.
With the establishment of the Guadalupe - Hidalgo Treaty, and the new border, Kumeyaay maintained use of their traditional trails, rather than crossing the border in designated areas. The border remained open until World War II.